Ingrown nails are quite common among adults. It is usually seen in the big toe. They should be treated properly or the condition and recur. There are home remedies as well as medical treatments. People tend to use both. Antibiotics are given if there is infection and sometimes there could be minor surgery as well.
An ingrown toenail grows into the skin. When the nail breaks through skin, the toe becomes inflamed. You may experience a gradual elevation of pain. Sometimes the toe can become infected. There are many causes for an ingrown toenail and they are trimming the nails very close to the skin, inherited condition or wearing improperly fitted footwear. Some people are more prone to ingrown toenails such as athletes who are engaged in sports such as soccer where there is repeated injury to the toe. You may also experience it if your shoe is too small or too big for you.
Other causes are repeated injury to the feet, poor hygiene of feet, obesity, deformities in the foot or toe, abnormal gait, fungal nail infection, diabetes, arthritis etc. You will need to look into ingrown toenail remedy if you notice it in your toes. The feet provide a good breeding ground for bacteria and fungi because it has a moist and warm environment. If the skin is broken into by the nail, the bacteria and the fungi can enter the body and infect the toe. If your toe becomes infected you will notice that it will become red, swollen and painful. It may also drain pus. If the problem is recurring, you will need to see a podiatrist. They will advise you about the treatment and what to expect in the days that follow it.
There are also surgery free ingrown toenail treatment. Ingrown toenails can be diagnosed easily but if it gets infected, you will see various symptoms. There are complications of ingrown toenails such as the resulting of cellulitis borne of localized infection. The surrounding skins can become scarred and sometime fungal infections can result. Some home remedies can provide relief such as soaking your feet in warm water for about 15 to 20 minutes. You can also use 1 part white vinegar with 4 parts of water for the soak or you can use Epsom salts. Try to trim the toenail straight without shortening it too much or rounding the corners. You can also take anti-inflammatory medication orally if your doctor approves. People with diabetes tend to be more prone for ingrown toenails given their low immunity and poor blood circulation. Make sure to consult a doctor at the first sign of infection.