The lower limbs are prone to many kinds of musculoskeletal injuries and conditions because they are crucial parts of our movements and stability as well as carrying body weight. Many of these conditions can temporarily incapacitate the patient and lower their quality of life. However, with the growth of technology and the medical field, there are now many treatments available easily, that can clarify some of the most common lower limb issues.
Injuries sustained in sports
Sports are one very common way that an individual can sustain an injury. Most activities such as jumping, running, unexpected collisions and slipping can cause these issues. The injuries to lower limbs are most often rectified by a knee specialist because this joint is very prone to wear and tear. Meniscal tearing, medial ligament injuries, dislocation of patella, tears in the quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon and fractures that involve the tibia, femur and the patella are some of the most painful and common injuries. The first step that your doctor will do is subject you a thorough physical examination and obtain all details from you. X-ray scans will divulge any bone damage while MRI scans will display the areas of soft tissue injuries. RICE is the most common method of treatment for any sports injury; this includes rest, ice, compression and elevation. After your treatment has been completed you will have to visit regularly for your physiotherapy and rehabilitation which is a mandatory part of the recovery process.
Tearing of the meniscus
Running and turning too sharply at an odd
angle can both commonly cause tears in the meniscus. Exercises such as squats and lunges can also cause this if the correct technique is not implemented. A tear in the meniscus is also known as a damaged cartilage. The meniscus helps to regulate movement and enhance stability while also giving some level of support to the patellar joint. In the case of older patients this condition can present itself because of wear and tear that comes with age. The most commonly seen symptoms are pain that is only in one area of the lower limb close to the patella, swelling and stiffness. There will also be instability and lack of mobility present. An orthopedic surgeon will usually diagnose the condition by means of a nice medical history as well as a careful physical check-up of the patient.
Dislocation of the patella
The dislocation and instability of the patella causes a lot of pain to the patient. The patella is a very vital bone structure because it joins the quadriceps or thigh muscles to the shin bone or the tibia. Trauma during strenuous physical activities and structural abnormalities can cause the patella to dislocate. The condition has a higher tendency of affecting women than men. The most common symptoms are swelling, instability of the patellar joint, cracking noises that are present when the joint is moved and limited mobility. X-rays, CT scans and MRIs are all valuable in getting the correct diagnosis together with medical check-ups by your doctor. However, even though it can take time to achieve full recovery, unless you are not very old, the condition is completely treatable with generally positive results. In the case of older patients, the full mobility might not be achieved because of age-related wear and tear as well.